Iudean, Hegedűs 2021

Overseeing Orphans’ Care: The Presidents of the Orphan Courts in Transylvania during Dualism

Ovidiu-Emil Iudean, Nicoleta Hegedűs


Article information

Volume: XV Issue: 2, Pages: 63-88
https://doi.org/10.24193/RJPS.2021.2.03
Ovidiu-Emil Iudean,
Babeş-Bolyai University, Centre for Population Studies,
Cluj-Napoca, Romania,
ovidiu.iudean@ubbcluj.ro

Nicoleta Hegedűs
Babeş-Bolyai University, Centre for Population Studies
The Romanian Academy, George Bariţiu Institute of History,
Cluj-Napoca, Romania,
nicoleta.hegedus@ubbcluj.ro


Abstract


The present paper provides a glimpse into a less researched position in the Hungarian civil service during Dualism, namely the officials presiding the orphan courts or sees (sedrii orfanale) in Transylvania. It argues that this office and the corps of officials holding it should be examined more closely in order to be able to better understand the shifts in the Hungarian state’s welfare programs during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The paper explores several key issues related to the presidents of the orphan courts in Transylvania between 1876 and 1914: firstly, the professional attributions held by this office; secondly, the importance of the office as reflected by the income and level of public influence it generated; thirdly, it sketches out a group analysis of those individuals who occupied this position during Dualism in Transylvanian counties.

Keywords:

Transylvania, clerks, regional elite, Orphans’ Courts (Sedrii orfanale)


References

Newspaper articles

Budapesti Hírlap (1905). (1905.01.24), No. 24.

Délmagyarország (1914). “Egy Józika-család tragédiája” (1914.06.28), No. 148.

Ellenzék (1884). “Kolozsvármegye rendes téli közgyűlése” (1884.02.02), No. 28.

Ellenzék (1888). (1888.03.12), No. 60.

Ellenzék (1908). “Beszüntetett eljárás” (1908.02.13), No. 36.

Familia (1895). (1895.01.13), No. 1.

Kis Újság (1932). (1932.07.03.), No. 146.

Magyar Polgár (1872). (1872.01.05), No. 3.

Magyar Polgár (1872a). “Hunyadmegyei dolgok II”, (1872.01.12), No. 8.

Magyar Polgár (1872b). “Hunyadmegyei dolgok IV” (1872.01.14), No. 10.

Magyar Polgár (1883). (1883.12.22), No. 294.

Magyar Polgár (1903), “Id. Velits Ödön halála” (1903.12.09), No. 275.

Magyarország (1899). “Inzultált árvaszéki ülnök”, (1899.09.06), No. 246.

Maros-Torda Vármegyei Hivatalos Lap (1909). (1909.12.16), No. 48.

Pesti Hírlap (1898). (1898.10.27), No. 297.

Pesti Hírlap (1904). “Sikkasztás a maros-torda vármegyei árvaszéknél”, (1904.05.07), No. 127.

Szabadság (1907). (1907.10.10), No. 234.

Szabadság (1907a). (1907.11.14), No. 261.

Szabadság (1907b). (1907.12.21), No. 293.

Székely Ellenzék (1908). “Elutasított panasz”, (1908.06.24), No. 133.

Székely Ellenzék (1908a). “Vármegyei nyugdíj-választmányi ülés”, (1908.02.26), No. 47.

Székely Lapok (1903). “A megérdemelt nyugalom”, (1903.06.25), No. 143.

Székely Lapok (1903a). “Barabási Ferencz kitüntetése”, (1903.09.11), No. 206.

Székely Lapok (1904). “Vármegyénk baja”, (1904.05.14), No. 110.

Székely Lapok (1907). “Osztják a koncot”, (1907.11.19), No. 264.

Székely Lapok (1908). “Szentiványi marad árvaszéki elnöknek”, (1908.06.25), No. 118.

Székely Napló (1913). “Üres a megyei gyámpénztár”, (1913.10.14), No. 157.

Székely Nemzet (1898). “Közigazgatás Háromszék vármegyében”, (1898.06.11), No. 85.

Székely Nép (1917). “Hogy történt Könczey Benedek halála”, (1917.08.08), No. 56.

Primary sources

Pál J., Ferenczi S. (eds.) (2020). Cadrul legislativ al administraţiei din Transilvania în epoca dualistă (1867–1918). Vol. I. Cluj-Napoca: Mega.

Corjescu, I. (1921). Codul civil general austriac. Bucureşti : Imprimeria Statului.

“Ügyrend az árvaszékek részére (169. sz.)”. Magyarországi rendeletek tára, 11: 658-720.

Az Erdélyi Róm. Kath. Státus Gyulafehérvári Főgimnáziumának értesítője az 1904-1905. tanévről (1905) Gyulafehérvár.

Szabály-Rendelet egyesült Besztercze-Naszod megye árvaszéke részére. Statuten für den Waisenstuhl des Bistriz-Nassoder Comitats. Statutulu Sedriei orfanali a comitatului Bistriţţia-Naseudu (1880). Bistriţa: J.E. Filtsch Örököséi Könyvnyomdája.

Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie (1877-1915). Wien: Druck und Verlag der K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerel.

Magyarország tiszti czím- és névtára (1880-1915). Budapest: Athenaeum.

Adunarea generale a Asociatiunei transilvane pentru literatura şi cultura poporului românu, ţinută la Braşov de la 16/28 -18/30 iuliu 1862 (1862). Sibiu: Tipografia diecesană.

Secondary sources

Balog, I.M. (2011). “Prices, Wages and Consumption in Transylvania between 1850-1914. Tendencies and Developments in Rural and Urban Areas”. Romanian Journal of Population Studies V (Supplement): 49-85.

Benedek, G. (2010). “Die Beamten in Ungarn”. In Rumpler, H., Urbanitsch, P., Harmat, U. (eds.). Die Habsburgermonarchie 1848–1918, Vol. IX/1. Soziale Strukturen, 1/2: Von der Stände- zur Klassengesellschaft. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 1211–1243.

Chiorean, I. (2002-2003). “Funcţionărimea din Transilvania în perioada dualismului austro-ungar (1867-1918)”. Anuarul Institutului de Cercetări Socio-Umane “Gheorghe Şincai” al Academiei Române V-VI: 43-60.

Demşea, D. (2007-2008). “Avocatul Lazăr Petco în mişcarea naţională românească din părţile Băii de Criş, ale Devei şi ale Aradului (1835-1895) – contribuţii”. Sargetia. Acta Musei Devensis 35-36: 400-421.

Gerö, A. (1997). The Hungarian Parliament, 1867-1918: A Mirage of Power. Boulder, CO : Social Science Monographs.

Karady, V. (1991). “Une <<nation de juristes>>”. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 86-87: 106-124.

Katus, L. (2008). Hungary in the Dual Monarchy (1867-1914). New York: Columbia University Press.

Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. (2007), Prosopography Approaches and Applications: A Handbook. Oxford: University of Oxford.

Moldovan, V. (1895). Memorii din 1848-49. Braşov : Tipografia A. Mureşianu.

O’Neill, C. (2020). “How Should Historians Approach Elites?”. In Denord, F., Palme, M., Réau, B. (eds.). Researching Elites and Power. Theory, Methods, Analyses. Cham: Springer, pp. 159-168.

Onojescu, A., Iudean, O., Popovici, V. (2014). “Parliamentary Representation in Eastern Hungary (1861–1918). Preliminary Results of a Prosopographic Inquiry”. In Pál, J., Popovici, V. (eds.), Elites and Politics in Central and Eastern Europe (1848–1918). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Pál, J. (2007). “The Survival of the Traditional Elite: The Transylvanian Lord Lieutenant Corps in 1910”. Colloquia. Journal of Central European History 14: 75-87.

Pál, J. (2008). “The Transylvanian Lord-Lieutenants after the Austro-Hungarian Compromise”. In Karady, V., Török, Z. (eds.). Cultural Dimensions of Elite Formation in Transylvania (1770–1950). Cluj-Napoca: Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center, pp. 138-158.

Pál, J. (2014). “The Study of the Hungarian Elites of the 19th and 20th Century”. Historica. Revue pro historii a příbuzné vědy 2: 221-237.

Pál, J. (2020). “Schimbările sistemului administrativ de nivel mediu din Transilvania epocii dualiste, în lumina legislaţiei (1867–1918)”. In Pál J., Ferenczi S. (eds.). Cadrul legislativ al administraţiei din Transilvania în epoca dualistă (1867–1918). Vol. I. Cluj-Napoca: Mega, pp. 13-69.

Pál, J. (2021). “Continuity and Discontinuity in the Administrative Elite of the Szekler Seats between 1840-1876”. Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai. Historia 66 (1): 97-117.

Pál, J., Popovici, V., Fehér, A., Iudean, O.E. (eds) (2018). Parliamentary Elections in Eastern Hungary and Transylvania (1865-1918). Berlin: Peter Lang.

Popovici, V. (2010). Acte şi documente privind elita politică românească din Transilvania (1869-1896). Cluj-Napoca: Mega.

Popovici, V. (2016). “Consideraţii privind funcţionarii publici români din Transilvania. Studiu de caz: comitatul Sibiu şi scaunele săseşti care l-au format (1861-1918)”. Anuarul Institutului de Istorie „George Bariţiu” din Cluj-Napoca. Series Historica 55: 159-177.

Popovici, V. (2018). “Elita românească din Transilvania şi Ungaria perioadei dualiste în perspectivă istoriografică, între naţional şi social”. In Ploscaru C., Atanasiu M.B. (eds.). Elitele puterii – puterea elitelor în spaţiul românesc. Iaşi: Editura Universităţii “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, pp. 49-59.

Retegan, S. (1979). Dieta de la Sibiu (1863-1864). Cluj-Napoca: Dacia.

Sasu, A. (2006). Dicţionar biografic al literaturii romane A-L. Vol. I, Piteşti: Editura Paralela 45.

Stone, L. (1971). “Prosopography”. Daedalus 100 (1): 46–79.

Turcu, I., Pepene, N., Popovici, B.N. (2012). Excursiuni pe munţii ţării Bârsei şi ai Făgăreşului. Braşov: Suvenir.

Online sources

Obituary maros-koppándi Fosztó Géza, https://dspace.oszk.hu/handle/20.500.12346/234175# , accesat on 10th December 2021.