Kon K. Madut

Stages of Labor Market Integration and Strategies among the Racialized Migrants-Study

Kon K. Madut

Article information

Volume: IX Issue: 1, Pages: 25-38
Kon K. Madut
University of Ottawa, School of Political Studies,
30 Montana Way, Ottawa, ON K2J 4M5 Canada,
613-580-2424 ext 24679,


This article explores racialized migrants labour market integration strategies, utilizing many of their own words which were gathered through an intensive one-on-one interviews followed by a focus group interview with 30 participants. The outcome revealed 10 phases of jobs search strategies and its outcomes. The results highlights migrants resiliency in dealing with difficulties of acquiring new skills and securing employment in their local labour market. These difficulties subsequently led to accepting entry level jobs, re-training for new skills, working overseas or relocating nationally and internationally to work in their field. Keywords: labor market, migration, ethnicity, employment, integration, exclusion.

Keywords: labor market, migration, ethnicity, employment, integration, exclusion


Baklid, B. (2004). The voices of visible minorities: Speaking out on breaking down barriers. The Conference Board of Canada. Retrieved January 6, 2012, from http://www.diversityatwork.com/pdfs/twiconferenceboardresearch.pdf.

Buzdugan, R. & Halli, S. (2009). “Labour market experiences of Canadian immigrants with a focus on foreign education and experience”. International Migration Review 43(2): 366-386. Charmaz, K. (2006).

Constructing grounded theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Dey, I. (1999). Grounding grounded theory: guidelines for qualitative inquiry. San Diego: Academic Press.

Goldberg, M. (2000). The facts are in! Newcomers’ experiences in accessing regulated professions in Ontario. Toronto, ON: Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities. Access to Professions and Trades Unit.

Glaser, A. Barney G. (1998). Doing grounded theory: issues and discussions. Mill Valley, Ca.: Sociology Press.

Girard, M. & Smith, M.R. (2009). Working in a regulated occupation in Canada: An immigrant-native-born comparison.

Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network. Working Paper No. 44. Ottawa: HRSDC and SSHRC.

Jedwab, J. (2006). “Canadian integration: The elusive quest for models and measures”. Canadian Diversity 5(1): 97-103.

Kazemipur, A., and Halli, S. (2000). The new poverty in Canada: Ethnic groups and ghetto neighborhoods. Toronto, ON: Thompson.

Madut, K. (2013a). “Ethnic Identity and Psycho-Social Well-being among New Canadian Migrants”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 3 (18): 84-92.

Madut, K. (2013b). “Ethnic Migrants: Perspectives on Support Programs, Employability and Resettlement Challenges in Ottawa, Canada”, International Journal of Contemporary Research 3 (10): 113-120.

Picot, G. (2008). “Immigrant economic and social outcomes in Canada: Research and data development at Statistics Canada (catalogue no. 11F0019MWE)”. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada, Government of Canada.

Reitz, J. G. (2001).“Immigrant success in the knowledge economy: Institutional change and the immigrant experience in Canada, 1970- 1995”. Journal of Social Issues 57(3): 579-613.

Reitz, J. & Bannerji, R. (2007). “Racial inequality, social cohesion and policy issues in Canada”. In K. Banting, T.J. Courchene, F.L. Seidle (eds.). Belonging? Diversity, recognition and shared citizenship in Canada. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy, pp. 489-546. Reitz, J. & Verma, A. (2004). “Immigration, race, and labour: Unionization and wages in the Canadian labour market”. Industrial Relations. 43(4): 835-854.

Reitz, J. G., and Banerjee, R. (2006). Racial inequality, social cohesion, and policy issues in Canada. University of Toronto. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from http://www.utoronto.ca/ethnicstudies/Reitz.Banerjee.pdf.

Rodriguez, A. (1997). Racial minority immigrant women: Problems and obstacles in mainstream organizations. Ottawa, ON: Carleton University.

Wald, S. & Fang, T. (2009). “Overeducated immigrants in the Canadian labour market: evidence from the Workplace and Employee Survey”. Canadian Public Policy 34(4): 457-480. Yoshida, Y. & Smith, M.R. (2008). “Measuring and mismeasuring discrimination against visible minority immigrants: The role of work experience”. Canadian Studies in Population 35(2): 311-338.