Irina Culic

Romanian Immigrants to Canada: A Statistical Portrait

Irina Culic

Article information

Volume: XIII Issue: 1, Pages: 73-104
Irina Culic
Babeş-Bolyai University, Faculty of Sociology and Social Work
128, 21 Decembrie 1989 Bvd, Cluj-Napoca, Romania


The paper provides a descriptive portrait of Romanian immigrants to Canada using statistical and historical data. It outlines the transformations of the Canadian immigration policy over a century and a half, and shows how it interacted with the migration regime in Romania to produce three main waves of Romanian immigration to Canada. Alongside migration flow data, it gives specific information on generation status, level of education, occupation categories, and income for the first generation post-communist immigrants, and for the total population of Romanian ethnic origin in Canada, using data from the 2006 and 2016 Canadian Censuses of Population.

Keywords: Romanian immigrants, Canada, Canadian immigration policy, census of population, first generation immigrants


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