Specific Needs of Children Left Behind by Labour Migration in the Republic of Moldova
Volume: XVII Issue: 1, Pages: 65-84
Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova,
Human Resources, Public Affairs and Communication Department,
61 Bănulescu Bodoni St., Chişinău, Republic of Moldova,
During the past 25 years, international labour migration from the Republic of Moldova has reached unimaginable levels. Although it generated several positive effects, it also produced new social risks, including the expansion of the number of transnational families. For the Republic of Moldova, the phenomenon of transnational families has become a social risk, as it has led to various demographic imbalances, as well as the problem of children left without care following migration. The purpose of this article is to analyse the situation of children left without care as a result of labour migration, as well as to highlight the specific problems and needs of this social group.
migration, labour migration of parents, transnational families, children left behind.
Bădescu, I. (2013). “Migraţia internaţională ca problemă socială, Studiu de caz: migranţii pentru muncă din Italia. Sociologia azi 10 . http://sociologia-azi.ro/wpcontent/uploads/2013/10/ Chestiunea-sociala-a-migratiei-pentru-munca.pdf
Buciuceanu-Vrabie, M. (2011). “Children left alone at home following parents’ migration: risks and realities”. Magazine of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Sciences. 1(155):169-177.
Găgăuz, O., Buciuceanu-Vrabie, M. (2013). “Children’s quality of life – an impact factor in the sustainable development of the Republic of Moldova”. Social Monitor. 17. http://www.viitorul.org/files/4292353_md_monitorul_soci_0.pdf.
Cheianu-Andrei D., Gramma, R., Milicenco, S., Pritcan, V., Rusnac V., Vaculovschi D. (2011). “Specific Needs of Children and Elderly Left Behind as a Consequence of Migration”. Chisinau: CEP USM. p. childrenneedsandeldrlyleftbehindmigration.pdf
Decision of the Government No. 434 of 10-06-2014 regarding the approval of the Strategy for child protection for the years 2014-2020, HG434/2014 (legis.md)
National Bureau of Statistics (2022). “Labor Force in the Republic of Moldova, 2022. Employment and unemployment in 2022”. NBS, Forţa de muncă: ocuparea şi şomajul în anul 2022 (gov.md)
Law no. 140 of 14-06-2013 on the special protection of children at risk and children separated from their parents. LP140/2013 (legis.md)
Law No. 112 of 09-07-2020 for the modification of some normative acts. LP112/2020 (legis.md).
Robila, M. (2012). “The impact of migration on children’s psychological and academic functioning in the Republic of Moldova”. International Migration, 52(3): 221–235.
Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Moldova, (2022). 2_AS.pdf (gov.md).
Ministry of Labor and Social Protection (2022). Statistical report on children at risk and children separated from their parents in 2022, Raport-statistic-anual-nr.-103-Copii-aflati-in-situatie-de-risc-si-copii-separati-de-parinti-in-anul-2022.pdf (gov.md).
UNICEF, CIDDC (2006). Children left behind as a result of migration. Chişinau. Children-Left-Behind.pdf (unicef.org).
UNICEF (2015). Children left without parental care. Evaluation of official and unofficial guardianship within the child care and protection system in the Republic of Moldova, Chişinau. https://www.unicef.org/moldova/media/841/file/Copii-ramasi-fara-ingrijire-parinteasca.pdf .
Vaculovski, D. (2017). Migration and Development: Socioeconomic Aspects: Handbook. IOM, Chişinau, 226 p. https://moldova.iom.int/sites/g/files/tmzbdl1626/files/documents/Migra%25C8%259Bie%2520%25C8%2599i%2520dezvoltare_aspecte%2520socioeconomice.pdf.
Zwager, N., Sintov, R. (2014). Market Study: Innovation in circular migration – Migration and development in Moldova. Chişinau: IASCI. http://civis.md/Archive/IASCI-CIVIS.%20Migratie%20si%20desvoltare%20in%20Moldova%20studiu%20de%20piata%202014.pdf